A golf course is the whole area where golf is played.
Olympia Fields CC has TWO 18-hole golf courses (the North & South Course), a driving range and short game/chipping area. The Championship Course where the 2003 US Open was played at OFCC is the NORTH COURSE.
Golf holes vary in length, but all holes are classified into three categories: PAR 3, PAR 4, and PAR 5. The par number represents the ideal number of strokes a player should take to complete the hole. The shortest holes are par 3 and should be completed in three strokes by the expert player. The longest holes are par 5 and should be completed in five strokes. The remaining holes are par 4 and should be completed in four strokes. YOU will seldom caddie for expert players, so be aware that higher scores are common.
A player who completes a hole in the ideal number of shots is said to have "made a Par". A player who completes a hole in one shot more than Par is said to have "made a Bogey". A player who completes a hole in one shot less than Par is said to have “made a Birdie".
The Tee Box is the starting place for a hole to be played. Different sets of tee markers are used for different golfers: Black for Championship (hole plays the longest), White for normal men’s players, Silver for seniors, and Yellow for ladies. Watch which tees your player uses on the 1st Tee and then go to those tees for the remainder of the round. NOTE: most players at OFCC use the white tees.
At the opposite end of the golf hole is the Green. The Green is the low, finely mowed grass which surrounds the hole. Encircling the Green is slightly taller grass called the Fringe.
The Flagstick or Pin is the movable pole centered in the hole so players can see the position of the hole on the Green.
The stretch of short grass between the Tee Box and the Green is called the fairway. On either side of the fairway is longer, heavier grass called the rough.
Near the Green of a golf hole may be several Sand Traps or Bunkers (Greenside bunkers). Other Bunkers can be along the side of the Fairway (fairway bunkers).
Any areas where golf play is not permitted are referred to as OUT OF BOUNDS. OUT OF BOUNDS areas are identified by stakes or fences. There are not many areas that are OUT OF BOUNDS at OFCC—for an area to be classified as OUT OF BOUNDS, it is typically off club property.